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How Does A Farmer Help The Community?

Our grandparents, 200 years ago, found a career in farming. 90% of the population took up farming. However, the number has dropped rapidly in recent years. Should this be a point of concern or can we accept it as advancement?

To answer that question, we have to first answer the question of purpose which is How does a farmer help the community? This article takes a look into this salient issue.

What Are The Importance Of Farming To The Community?

Before farming became known, people were only hunters. Man lived by hunting animals and gathering wild plants. When supplies ran out, man will have to move on again and find another inhabitable location where it was easy to get a catch.

When farming became known, the settlement became easy. People could grow the plants they needed and get all the comfort they need while settling in a location. Over time, communities began to develop.

People started having permanent homes. With a settled lifestyle and man could pursue other endeavors. That is the first thing farming did for man;

1. Formation of Community:

Farming made it possible for people to grow, groom, and cultivate what he needs for food. When hunting was the order of the day, man couldn’t settle in a place.

Food is one of the basic needs of man and it is rational for man to go in search of food. When it became difficult for people of the earliest age to get a catch, they simply moved. This constant movement also made it impossible to form communities as we have it today.

2. Beginning of Modern Civilization:

When farming made man settle and have permanent homes, people started to think of how to make living more comfortable and found ways to make difficult things easy. This settlement was the beginning of modern civilization.

It started when farmers began to make tools from stone, wood, bone, and woven grass. Later on, these tools were improved upon and tools that could plant, harvest, and store crops were developed.

Over several years, the evolution of civilization brought us several types of machinery, inventions, and development as we have it today and many are still to come.

What Are The Other Ways Farming Has Affected The Community?

1. Production of Food to Feed the World:

Whether we appreciate it or not, farmers work hard to provide us with food supply. Many years back, farming was the career of a majority of the people. Today, the reverse is the case.

The world population is currently estimated to be 7.3 billion people and the number is expected to rise to 8.5 billion by 2030. By 2050, we should be expecting about 10billion people. That’s a lot of people to feed and there are only a few farmers. The burden lies upon the few numbers of farmers.

We need to encourage farmers since they are the ones to provide safe and nutritious food to their immediate community and the world at large.

2. Nature Conservation:

Nature conservation aims to protect nature and its resources so that it will not be overexploited. Farmers practice several activities to conserve nature. Some of which include:

Zero tillage:

This conservation method refers to when farmers do not use tillage method so as not to disturb the soil. Tillage of the soil breaks up the soil into pieces, thereby, taking away its power. When soil is tilled, it is prone to erosion, its nutrients can easily be washed away, blown away, or fade away by its exposure to the sun.

Installing a fence around rivers:

This method is an activity the farmers’ practice to stop water pollutants from reaching the water sources. It helps with water cleanliness. It prevents livestock from getting to the bank of the river because when farm animals get to the bank of the river, they make the water become muddy and filled with dirt making the water unclean.

Planting Cover crops:

Cover crops help weaken the strength of erosion because these crops help hold the soil together firm with their roots. Therefore, erosion that was supposed to wash the soil away will only pass over while the soil remains intact.

3. Preservation:

Preservation aims to keep things the way they are for generations to come and improve upon their quality. Farmers sometimes try to preserve land by simply stopping all farming activities on the land to let the land grow naturally, thereby, encouraging soil build-up.

When farmers do this, wildlife such as birds can populate the area and increase in their various species. Native wild plants can also grow and become established in such areas. This way, the generation yet to be born will get the chance to know about these things because they were preserved.

4. Government revenue:

Agriculture is the biggest source of national income in some countries. Some countries do not tax farmers to encourage anyone who wishes to choose to farm as a career.

The government also supports farmers in other ways, for example, the government could make provision for farm varieties of machinery. This encourages farmers to produce surplus farm goods.

When there is a surplus, the government store up the farm goods and arrange them for export to other countries at high prices to meet the demand in the international market. This way, the government makes a profit from farming activities within its locale.

5. Agro-allied businesses:

Many businesses are dependent on farming. These are businesses that find opportunities in the gaps created by farming activities. Example of such business includes:

Biotechnology:

Has to do with looking into ways farmers can produce high yield and disease-resistant crops.

Insurance company and banks:

Protecting farms against risks and supplying farm loans to farmers. They make a profit in the process, it’s a mutual benefit.

Chemical industries:

They manufacture fertilizer as well as pesticides for farmers to use. The goal is to help farmers make high yield.

Conclusion

The list goes on, however, from the above reasons, we can understand the importance of agriculture in our daily life and how it contributes to society.

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What Are The Modern Ways Of Farming?

In recent times, there has been a rise in the demand for food mostly due to the rapid increase in the human population. Although the demand for food consumption is on the high side, some other basic human needs are sought after, like clothing, shelter, drugs, etc. The source of these needs is Agriculture.

What Are The Modern Ways Of Farming? The modern way of farming is by the use of technological innovations to aid in the farming process. This, in turn, reduces stress on the farmer and increases yield.

Agricultural products meet more than 50% of human needs. It’s little wonder why researches try to come up with ideas and innovations on how to improve agricultural yield. The old way of farming is obsolete, hence, the agricultural sector is accepting modern forms of farming.

The infusion of agriculture with technology brought about a word called Agrotechnology. This method focuses on the use of improved varieties of seeds called hybrid seeds, modern technological equipment and other additives like fertilizers.

The overall goal of this project is to achieve a farming system that produces high-quality crops, in large quantities, and with as little stress as possible. This process is visible in the sector as there is an increase in agricultural production over the years.

What Are The Modern Ways Of Farming?

1. Monoculture:

Although this method is a modern method, it is also one of the conservative means of farming. The method involves the planting of only one type or species of the crop on a piece of land.

On land as big as five hectares, only a single type of crop is cultivated on it. This method of planting is often applied because it makes planting easier. Land preparation for the whole land is the same way.

The planting techniques and post-planting operations are also the same all through the land. This method particularly saves time and reduces the cost of production.

During harvest, there is no fear of harvesting and storing different crops in the same place. Because the crops planted are the same, the harvesting process is a lot easier and faster.

2. Chemical pest control:

Pests are any living creatures that cause harm to your farm produce. The pests could be insects or rodents like grass cutters and squirrels. The effects of these pests could be drastic if left unattended to.

They could cause diseases to the crops, reduce the quality and quantity of the farm produce. They also increase the cost of production.

The best way to handle them is to make use of chemicals that will either kill them or keep them off. Most of these chemicals are not harmful to the crops and are very effective. They are also quite affordable.

3. Tillage:

The phrase ‘till the soil’ is quite commonly used when referring to farming. The reason is that tillage is a very basic pre-planting operation. It involves the breaking up of soil into smaller particles. The use of modernized equipment will make this work easier.

The purpose of this is to allow aeration to take place within the soil. If the soils particles are too tightly packed together, the roots won’t be able to spread and the little crops won’t be able to germinate well.

Loosed soil also allows water to drain easily and avoid swampiness. This farming method is as important as planting a seed itself.

4. Genetic Manipulation:

Researchers who studied molecular biology and genetic engineering have come up with so many improved seeds. These seeds produce hybrid crops. Crops with different features genetically produce these hybrids.

Genetic engineering focuses on getting specific traits and genes from different varieties. They then fuse them into a single species. This makes the specie an improved one having all the desired traits from two or more varieties.

5. Irrigation:

Some factors need to be met before crop production can take place. One of these important factors is water. A crop needs water to grow well.

While rain is the main source of water for a farm, it is unfortunate that it doesn’t fall all year round. There are times when dry seasons are experienced. It is in times like this that irrigation is of use.

Most farmers irrigate their farms by building dams that hold or store water during rainy seasons. Others make use of boreholes and wells where they can draw water from. Reservoirs and sprinklers are also used.

If a river is not too far from the farm, some farmers build pathways between the plant rows. The pathways run from the river to the farms. It irrigates the farm during the dry season. So despite the season, food is available all year round.

6. Application of Inorganic Fertilizer:

Fertilizers have a specific function – to increase the yield and size of the crops. There is usually a huge difference between crops grown with fertilizers and those that weren’t. They tend to last longer without getting spoilt.

This reason is why companies like Amazon partner with agricultural companies to distribute farm produce. These fertilizers are a welcome help for lands that are tired and worn out.

They increase crop yield and also add nutrients to the plants. The methods of application are very easy and anybody can use them.

What Are The Modern Types Of Machinery Used In Farming?

When mentioning modern farming methods, some machinery cannot but be named as well. These machineries help the farmer in day to day activities. There is equipment for pre-planting, planting, and post-planting operations.

They are ploughers, tractors, bulldozers, threshers, harvesters, ridge makers, winnowing machines, etc. Each of these types of machinery has various functions.

What Are The Farming Methods in Agriculture?

There are extensive and intensive methods. Each of these methods results in a large production of farm produce. The extensive method is the practice of farming a large piece of land. The planting goes with very little input into the land and still get your result.

While the intensive method involves a huge investment of time and money into a large area of land to produce commercially. It usually involves the rearing of livestock and the planting of crops. This method maximizes the land as much as possible to produce more.

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What Are Good Keto Items To Get At A Farmer‘s Market?

Making a grocery list or deciding what to buy at the store is largely dependent on what type of diet you are on at the moment. For a person who is on a keto diet, there are certain items you will be restricted to buying.

A keto diet consists largely of low carbohydrate food and high-fat food content. While you can get some of these food items at the grocery store, certain items can only be gotten at the farmer’s market.

What Are Good Keto Items To Get At A Farmer‘s Market? These keto items can be gotten, low carb vegetables like Zucchini, squash, salad greens, cauliflowers, bell peppers, green beans, broccoli. These vegetables are not just low carbohydrate foods but they also contain different vitamins and minerals the body needs.

They also contain fibers and antioxidants to keep the body strong and healthy. Apart from vegetables, there are also some other items which are suitable for a keto diet at the farmer’s market.

Items like pork, shellfish, eggs, locally made cheese and so on you can read more on the website pages of some of this market.  There are more farmers’ market with an increased level of keto items on sale.

These statistics is due to the increased awareness of the benefits of keto diet in fighting off major deadly diseases like epilepsy, diabetes, cancer, and hypertension. Doctors and nutritionists are beginning to use the keto diet as a means of curing these illnesses.

It has been widely welcomed by the masses because it is an all-natural method. Some of the benefits of keto foods are:

There is an increase in the rate of good cholesterol HDL to bad cholesterol LDL, reduction of insulin levels in the body, bad fat in the body is reduced, no cravings for sweets or sugary things that can cause harm to the body, lower blood pressure.

List Of Safe Keto Food Items You Can Get At A Farmer’s Market

1. Meat:

It might sound a bit tricky but meat is a very good keto food. The only clause is that it has to be organic. Try to avoid the processed ones as much as possible. There are greater chances of getting organic meat at the farmer’s market than at a grocery.

The major reason is that the beef from the farmer’s market is grass-fed. Therefore, it contains all the nutrients gotten from the grass.

2. Seeds and Nuts:

Whole nuts and seeds are very good keto foods. Although the oils are not so keto-friendly. These nuts are to be taken in controlled quantity because of their carb contents.

Examples of some nuts to go for are pecans, pumpkin seeds, macadamia, almond, peanuts, pistachios, and sunflower seeds. These nuts and seeds also have their butter which is low in sugar and high in good fats. A good example is walnut butter.

3. Vegetables:

As stated above, green and leafy vegetables are good for the keto diet. You can never go wrong with these in your diets. Zucchini, cauliflower, spinach.

For those times you feel like taking something high in carbohydrates, you can take some root crop like yams, potato, carrots, etc. but in low quantity. Sea vegetables are also very good keto diets. Although they are not so popular.

4. Diary:

At the mention of the word diary, the mind automatically thinks milk. But, milk is not advisable for a keto diet except it’s a 100% grass-fed cow milk. In most cases, finding such is usually hard. It is therefore advisable to stay away.

There is also the high amount of sugar contained in milk, this content is not good for a person on a keto diet. Cheese and cream are better options instead. Butter is also included. As an alternative, you could make use of coconut milk and almond milk in your diets.

5. Snacks:

Being on a keto diet does not mean a death sentence. You can still have all the benefits of being on a normal diet. A good example is snacking. There is a very good snack for keto diets you can make or get at a farmer’s market. Some are cucumbers, celery, flax seed crackers, pork rinds, meat sticks, cheese sticks. They are low in sugar and keto-friendly.

6. Eggs:

Eggs are very good keto foods only if they are organic. A farmer’s market has these in large supply. Cheese and yogurts made from these eggs are also great for a keto diet.

7. Fruits:

You can never go wrong with fruits. Although they contain high antioxidants, they also have a type of sugar called fructose and have low levels of fat. There are therefore certain fruits good for a keto diet. Fruits like avocado, olive, strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, blackberries, etc.

8. Flour:

While white flour is great for baking, there are other types of flours which are better suited for making keto foods. Flours like Almond flour, sesame flour, coconut flour, sunflower seed flour.

Why You Should Get Your Stock at a Farmer‘s Market?

A farmer’s market is specifically made for items that are quite difficult to get at a grocery store. There are different sections for different items in the market, it is therefore easy to navigate your way around.

It is usually a one-stop-shop for all things vegetables and dairy products. A large quantity of the dairy products are fresh. The locals take great care in making them. There are no artificial preservatives in the food items as well. The food items are available all year round as well.

Important Tips On Getting Items at a Farmer‘s Market

  • At any market, if you want to get the best farm produce, it is better to get there early. You would be able to select the ones you want before other people start coming.
  • If you have the intention of buying fish and meat, it is better to have a cooler in your car to keep the items cool until you get home.
  • Whatever you want to buy, no matter how small take your bags along.
  • It is safer to have some change with you. This precaution makes your buying easier and saves a lot of time. You are going to a place where there are no machines to make change for you.
  • If you don’t have much money and want a good deal, you can go later in the day. By then, the rush of the market has reduced and the sellers will want to sell off whatever remains of their goods to avoid bringing it back the next day.
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What Is The Impact Of Science And Technology In Agriculture?

Science and technology have led to increased productivity that is why the impact of science and technology on agriculture cannot be overemphasized.

Farmers can now increase their productivity through hybrid seeds as well as some other new technologies and discoveries. Likewise, technology has made it possible to predict the climate condition that is best suited for various crops.

What Is The Impact Of Science And Technology In Agriculture? A couple of technological innovations such as the development of the genetically modified crop, drones, the Internet of Things, refrigerated railcars among many others have played a major role in making the agricultural sector very productive.

How Science And Technology Is Impacting The Agricultural Sector

Agriculture has a history of using technology to improve and enhance crop production. It revolutionized how agriculturists run their business and it is also changing the face of the rural communities.

For a long time now, agriculture has been seen as a dirty job and has been left for rural communities but with the impact of technology in agriculture, that notion is changing.There are several ways in which the agricultural industry has been impacted by science and technology.

Mechanization

One of the first innovations that had a great impact on the sector was the introduction of machines on the farms. Before this innovation, tasks on the farm were performed solely using hands. Mechanization was a major change that helped the agricultural sector.

Transportation

Transportation was a major challenge for farmers. Transporting the farm produce was quite expensive and because of the distance to market, most of the produce often spoils before it reaches the consumer thereby resulting in a great loss for the farmer.

The invention of railroads played a pivotal role to help resolve this challenge. With the expansion of railroad systems, farm produce could now be transported much faster and at a lesser cost.

This method helped increase the farmer’s ROI. The invention of the refrigerated rail cars also revolutionized the industry by allowing farmers to quickly deliver perishable products like meats using refrigerated vehicles.

This machinery not only makes the delivery faster but also helps to preserve the product by keeping it in a cool environment. Other modes of transportation like ships, trucks, barges, and so on were also invented to transport farm products from the farm to the market.

The technological advancement in transportation helped to reduce the cost of delivery, open new markets, and ultimately improved productivity and increase efficiency in the agricultural sector.

Increased yield

For a long time, farmers depended on agricultural chemicals like herbicides and pesticides to control weeds, reduce pest damages, and increase yield. All these were discovered through scientific research.

Also, scientist underwent some experiment and have developed new biotechnological innovations which can be used to create genetically modified organisms (GMOs).

Using crops as energy

Farmers had always produced crops as food and fiber. But, in recent times, scientists discovered that some crops can be used as a source of energy. Soya bean-based biodiesel and Corn-based ethanol were developed as a renewable alternative to petroleum-based energy.

What Are The Recent Innovations and Technologies in Agriculture?

Picture of Recent Innovations and Technologies in Agriculture

1. Urban Agriculture, Vertical farms, and Smart designs

Urban agriculture allows for the effective utilization of space. Vertical farming is one of the latest trends in urban agriculture. As these trends continue, we are beginning to realize yields which are almost 10 times efficient when compared to traditional agriculture.

Vertical farming simply makes farming more efficient and also utilizes lesser space. Smart designs are now being used to reduce weight and increase yield.

2. Drones and Bees

Climate change is a major challenge in the agricultural sector. If the climate condition continues to worsen, it would result in food shortage. Also, bees that play a major role in pollination are now disappearing.

This change would be a major disaster if bees completely go into extinction as pollination is vital to the sustainability of agricultural production. Fortunately, drones are now being used as an agent of pollinations to supplement the pollination efforts of bees.

Aside from being used for pollinations, there are several ways in which drones can be well utilized in agriculture. It can be used for aerial drone photography to take a good look at the field.

3. Artificial Intelligence, IoT, and Automation

With artificial intelligence and automation, driverless vehicles are being introduced to the farm to perform different operations on the farm.

An example is a driverless tractor. Also, with the evolution of the internet of things, we have connected devices and smart devices on the farm that can communicate with each other to enhance and increase productivity on the farm.

4. Blockchain Technology

Blockchain is generally associated with cryptocurrency but recently, the agricultural industry is beginning to see the capability of blockchain in the industry.

It is being used for traceability and supply chains. A blockchain ledger can record and modify the status of crops from the planting phase to the harvesting phase to storage and then to delivery.

With this technology, the status of your crops would available to you in real-time and you would never lose track of the status of your crops. Blockchain is also being used for resource management.

What Are The Challenges Of Science And Technology In Agriculture?

One of the major challenges of science and technology in agriculture is that it can lead to a substantial environmental effect.

It causes pollution like the addition of toxins and other chemicals to the water and environment. Even though these chemicals have a positive impact on crop production, they harm the environment.

Also, the use of heavy machinery and tilling equipment on the soil can cause soil erosion and degradation of the environment. Another challenge of science and technology in agriculture is that most farmers are illiterates and find it difficult to adopt modern agricultural methods.

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Where Can Urban Farming Occur?

Given the extent to which urban areas are developing with building and infrastructure erected to accommodate the ever-streaming population, one creative and viable way to make use of the limited land space is to practice urban farming.

Urban farming sees to the cultivation, procession, and distribution of food in cities. Urban farming has several methods like gardening, aquaponics, aeroponics, and hydroponics, all of which are explained over here.

Where can urban farming occur? Urban farming can occur in places with large infrastructure and high population density otherwise known as urban areas and the surrounding regions [peri-urban areas]

What Are The Aspects of Urban Farming?

Urban farming is done on different scales ranging from small to large. Given the limited space associated with inhabited urban areas, urban farming has to be very creative, in that the farmers try to manage the limited space they have and come up with innovative ways to maximize the available space.

So you see styles like vertical gardening in little spaces between houses and rooftop intensive farming. You also get to see a variety of crops planted in limited space by a house, or between buildings.

Some families engage in gardening in their compounds to grow pepper, tomatoes, okra, maize, cassava, etc. In his TED talk, a South Central Los Angeles urban gardener, Ron Finley, said gardening is the ‘most therapeutic and defiant act you can do’.

It saves money and improves the quality and quantity of food consumed by these families. Aside from gardening, urban farming is practiced in different forms like hydroponics, aeroponics, and aquaponics.

Hydroponics farming involves growing plants underwater with no soil, rather with mineral nutrients solution. Profitable plants for hydroponics include Dill, Mint, Cilantro, Basil, Bay leaves, Chives, Tarragon, etc.

Aquaponics is an integrated system where you can fertilize plants with nutrients from fish-inhabited water. Plants such as spinach, lettuce, basil (which can be used to make pesto and pizza), cherry tomatoes, dill, mushrooms, Cilantro, and Chives are very profitable for aquaponics.

Aeroponics involves growing plants in the air without using soil or an aggregate medium, but with the help of a moist environment. Aeroponics is eco-friendly and the system is water-efficient. The plants grow fast and sterilizing the growing equipment keep pest and diseases at bay.

What Are The Development of Urban Farming Over The Years?

The practice of urban agriculture has been in existence for years. It has been used to combat food shortage and famine in times of war and depression. In Germany during the 19th century, people were assigned ‘allotment gardens’ to help them address food insecurity and poverty.

Hazen S. Pingree, in 1893 during the depression, asked the citizens of Detroit to grow vegetables in any vacant lot to supply food and generate income. The potato patches were called Pingree’s Potato Patches.

During World War 1 and World War 2, several vegetables, herb and fruit gardens were sited in public parks and private residences in Canada, the US, UK, Germany, and Australia to boost food supply.

During World War I, President Woodrow Wilson obliged Americans to grow food in their available land spaces to provide food for the US and possibly other countries.

By 1919, over 5 million food-growing plots were flourishing and food products were way above 500 million pounds. Over the years, urban farming has developed in leaps and bounds. In some cities, community spaces are allotted for farming to boost the economy of the region.

In this age of technology, urban farming has become versatile in that it is now practiced in different methods. Judging from the past and the present, urban farming will flourish more in time to come.

What Are The Importance of Urban Farming?

Urban farming is important because it helps to improve the food quantity and quality in the cities and even rural areas.

The high population density of urban areas requires a larger quantity of food production. In cases where all the food is being supplied from rural areas, there is bound to be a shortage of supply.

In this situation, urban farming helps to bridge the gap. This consequently impacts on the health of the masses.

Urban farming provides employment opportunities for many people. In cities plagued by general poverty and hunger, agricultural practices are usually in large scale, most times in community spaces.

People are employed to assist in the different stages of farming. Some people do volunteer and get to learn the nuances of different types of farming.

When such people get to establish themselves, they become self-employed. Urban farming also helps in growing the economy of the cities by way of generating revenue.

Income is also circulated in the city or region as the people buy from themselves. The farmers may also sell at cheaper rates considering that there is no complex distribution method.

They harvest their crops and sell to the people around them making for a somewhat stress-free procedure. The practice of urban farming is eco-friendly because there’s a reduced amount of carbon emission involved in transporting goods from distances.

Foods produced in the city are close to the consumer market. Urban farming engenders sustainable development. It does not feed today at the expense of tomorrow.

Conclusion

A lot of people take interest in what they eat and how it is produced but not getting to know agricultural procedures properly.

Today, being a city dweller is not a restriction. Urban farming is on the rise and many urban dwellers are taking the advantage to grow their food and even sell to others.

Urban farming has been a long time coming, but so many people are now aware of its advantages and buying into this great deal. People who have land spaces are going into gardening.

Some community offers large spaces to citizens for farming. People with minimal land spaces or no space at all are going into hydroponics, aquaponics, aeroponics and the likes.